Native American

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    • Andrew Jackson and the "Children of the Forest" (Lesson) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Andrew Jackson and the "Children of the Forest"

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 5 pages.
      A lesson in which students develop critical literacy skills by responding to Andrew Jackson’s speech on “Indian Removal.”

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Early 19th Century: 1800 - 1849, 19th Century | Themes: Native American, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: High School
    • The Cherokee/Seminole Removal Role Play (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • The Cherokee/Seminole Removal Role Play

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 10 pages.
      Role play on the Cherokee-Seminole removal or Trail of Tears.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Early 19th Century: 1800 - 1849, 19th Century | Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Native American, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: High School
    • The Color Line (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • The Color Line

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 6 pages.
      A lesson on the countless colonial laws enacted to create division and inequality based on race. This helps students understand the origins of racism in the United States and who benefits.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764, 18th Century | Themes: African American, Laws & Citizen Rights, Native American, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery | Reading Levels: High School
    • Discovering Columbus: Re-reading the Past (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Discovering Columbus: Re-reading the Past

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 6 pages.
      How to engage students in a critical analysis of the textbook version of “discovery.”

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764 | Themes: Education, Imperialism, Native American | Reading Levels: High School
    • ‘Don’t Take Our Voices Away’: A Role Play on the Indigenous Peoples’ Global Summit on Climate Change (Lesson) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • ‘Don’t Take Our Voices Away’: A Role Play on the Indigenous Peoples’ Global Summit on Climate Change

    • Teaching Activity. By Julie Treick O’Neill and Tim Swinehart. 16 pages.
      A role play on the Indigenous Peoples’ Global Summit on Climate Change asks students to develop a list of demands to present to the rest of the world at a climate change meeting.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: 2001 - Present, 21st Century | Themes: Environment & Food, Native American, Pacific Islander, Science, World History/Global Studies | Reading Levels: High School
    • The People vs. Columbus, et al. (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • The People vs. Columbus, et al.

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 8 pages.
      Role play in the form of a trial to determine who is responsible for the death of millions of Taínos on the island of Hispaniola in the late 15th century. Roles available in Spanish.

    • Resource Types: Spanish/Bilingual, Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764 | Themes: Imperialism, Native American | Reading Levels: High School
    • Rethinking the U.S. Constitutional Convention: A Role Play (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Rethinking the U.S. Constitutional Convention: A Role Play

    • Teaching Activity. By Bob Peterson. 14 pages.
      A role play on the Constitutional Convention which brings to life the social forces active during and immediately following the American Revolution with focus on two key topics: suffrage and slavery. An elementary school adaptation of the Constitution Role Play by Bill Bigelow. Roles available in Spanish.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Revolution & Constitution: 1765 - 1799, 18th Century | Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Native American, Slavery, Women's History | Reading Levels: Grades 3-5, Grades 6-8
    • Line of demonstrators at Standing Rock. Image: Barbara Miner | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Standing with Standing Rock: A Role Play on the Dakota Access Pipeline

    • Article by Ursula Wolfe-Rocca. Teaching activity by Ursula Wolfe-Rocca, Bill Bigelow, and Andrew Duden. 15 pages.
      A role play helps students recognize the issues at stake in the historic struggle of the Standing Rock Sioux to block construction of the Dakota Access oil pipeline.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: 2001 - Present, 21st Century | Themes: Environment & Food, Imperialism, Native American, Organizing |
    • Columbus and Las Casas

    • Teaching Activity. By Gayle Olson-Raymer. 15 pages.
      Questions and teaching ideas for Chapter 1 of Voices of a People’s History of the United States on Columbus’ arrival in the “New World,” and the contrasting accounts of Bartolome de Las Casas and Eduardo Galeano.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Guides | Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764 | Themes: Native American | Reading Levels: Adult, High School
    • Indian Removal

    • Teaching Activity. By Gayle Olson-Raymer. 18 pages.
      Questions and teaching ideas for Chapter 7 of Voices of a People’s History of the United States on the American policy of “Manifest Destiny” and Native American resistance to their own displacement.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Guides | Time Periods: Early 19th Century: 1800 - 1849, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864, Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876, Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899, 19th Century | Themes: Imperialism, Native American, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: High School
    • Rediscovering America / Redescubriendo America

    • Teaching Guide. Edited by Gioconda Belli, et al. 1992. 104 pages.
      Bilingual collection of short stories, essays, poetry, folktales, and songs on conquest and resistance from Latin America and the Caribbean.

    • Resource Types: Spanish/Bilingual, Teaching Guides | Themes: Imperialism, Language Arts, Latino, Native American, Racism & Racial Identity, US Foreign Policy, World History/Global Studies | Reading Levels: Grades 3-5, Grades 6-8, Grades Pre-K-2, High School
    • Rethinking Columbus: The Next 500 Years (Teaching Guide) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Rethinking Columbus: The Next 500 Years

    • Teaching Guide. Edited by Bill Bigelow and Bob Peterson. 2003. 192 pages.
      Readings and lessons for grades 5 to 12 about the impact and legacy of the arrival of Columbus in the Americas. Published by Rethinking Schools.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Guides | Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764 | Themes: Native American | Reading Levels: Grades 3-5, Grades 6-8, High School
    • The Export of Colors

    • Article. By Manlio Argueta. From Cuzcatlán, Donde bate la mar del sur.
      An excerpt from a novel of historical fiction about the impact of an export economy on peasants in El Salvador.

    • Resource Types: Articles | Time Periods: 20th Century | Themes: Imperialism, Latino, Native American |
    • Lying to Children About the California Missions and the Indians

    • Article. By Deborah A. Miranda. 2015. If We Knew Our History Series.
      Despite all that we know about the brutal treatment of Native Americans during the Spanish colonization of California, children are still taught to celebrate the California missions. Deborah A. Miranda of the Ohlone/Costanoan-Esselen Nation of California demands an end to what she calls the Mission Fantasy Fairy Tale.

    • Resource Types: Articles | Time Periods: Revolution & Constitution: 1765 - 1799, 18th Century, 19th Century, 20th Century | Themes: Imperialism, Native American |
    • On the Road to Cultural Bias: A Critique of The Oregon Trail

    • Article for Educators in PDF. By Bill Bigelow. 13 pages.
      Critque of the popular computer game “Oregon Trail.”

    • Resource Types: Articles | Time Periods: Early 19th Century: 1800 - 1849, 19th Century | Themes: Education, Native American, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: Adult
    • Time to Abolish Columbus Day

    • Article. By Bill Bigelow. 2015. If We Knew Our History Series.
      When the school curriculum celebrates Columbus, children are taught that it’s OK for white people to rule over peoples of color and that militarily powerful nations can bully weaker nations. By his own account, Columbus enslaved people, destroyed cultures, and terrorized those who challenged his rule. It’s time to abolish Columbus Day.

    • Resource Types: Articles | Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764, 21st Century | Themes: African American, Imperialism, Native American |
    • Why We Should Teach About the FBI’s War on the Civil Rights Movement

    • Article. By Ursula Wolfe-Rocca. If We Knew Our History series. 2016.
      A 1971 break-in at FBI offices revealed a conspiracy—known as COINTELPRO—for the FBI to infiltrate, disrupt, and destroy a wide range of activist groups, especially civil rights organizations. Textbooks ignore this chapter in U.S. history, but it’s essential background to understand what’s happening today.

    • Resource Types: Articles | Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Latino, Laws & Citizen Rights, Native American, Organizing, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements | Reading Levels: High School
    • 101 Changemakers: Rebels and Radicals Who Changed US History

    • Book – Non-fiction. By Michele Bollinger and Dao Tran. 2012. 215 pages.
      A collection of 101 brief and accessible profiles of rebels, radicals, and fighters for social justice.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction | Time Periods: All US History | Themes: African American, Asian American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Disability, Environment & Food, Immigration, Imperialism, Labor, Language Arts, Latino, LGBT, Media, Native American, Organizing, Pacific Islander, Racism & Racial Identity, Social Class, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, Women's History | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • 500 Años del Pueblo Chicano - 500 Years of Chicano History in Pictures

    • Book – Non-fiction. By Elizabeth Martinez. 1991 (2nd Edition). 238 pages.
      Chicano history as told through hundreds of pictures and bilingual text.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction, Spanish/Bilingual | Time Periods: All US History | Themes: Civil Rights Movements, Immigration, Latino, Native American | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • “All the Real Indians Died Off”: And 20 Other Myths About Native Americans (Book) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • "All the Real Indians Died Off": And 20 Other Myths about Native Americans

    • Book – Non-fiction. By Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz and Dina Gilio-Whitaker. 2016. 224 pages.
      Deconstructs persistent myths about American Indians rooted in fear and prejudice—an astute and lively primer of European-Indian relations.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction | Time Periods: 18th Century, 19th Century, 20th Century, 21st Century, All US History | Themes: Native American | Reading Levels: Adult, High School
    • Bad Indians: A Tribal Memoir

    • Book – Non-fiction and prose. Deborah A. Miranda. 2012. 240 pages.
      A compilation of documents, photos, and memoir that recounts the establishment of missions in California and the impact on Indigenous people—then and today.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction | Time Periods: 18th Century, 19th Century, 20th Century, 21st Century | Themes: Education, Imperialism, Native American, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: Adult
    • Before Columbus: The Americas of 1491

    • Book – Non-fiction. By Charles C. Mann. 2009. 128 pages.
      An illustrated book for young readers based on 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction | Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764 | Themes: Native American | Reading Levels: Grades 3-5, Grades 6-8
    • Black Elk Speaks (Book) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Black Elk Speaks: Being the Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux

    • Book – Non-fiction. By John G. Neihardt, Standing Bear, Raymond J. Demallie. 2008. 334 pages.
      The life and visions of the Lakota healer Nicholas Black Elk and the history of his Sioux people.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction | Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764 | Themes: Native American, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
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