Teaching Activity. By Moé Yonamine. From Rethinking Schools. 11 pages.
Film review of ANPO: Art X War, a documentary about visual resistance to U.S. military bases in Japan by Japan’s foremost contemporary artists, and several accompanying teaching activities.
Linda Hoaglund’s documentary ANPO: Art X War (New Day Films, 89 min., 2010) highlights Japanese and Okinawan artists—and their powerful, provocative paintings, photos, anime, and films to show the ongoing resistance in Japan (including Okinawa) to the U.S. military presence since 1945. The film focuses on the remarkable Japanese protests of 1960, when masses of people unified against ANPO, the U.S.-Japan Mutual Security Treaty.
ANPO, which was passed secretly, allowed U.S. bases to be located in Japan in exchange for U.S. protection.The U.S. occupation continued until 1952 for most of Japan; in Okinawa it continued until 1972. Unfortunately, the end of the occupation has not meant the end of U.S. military presence. Today, there are approximately 90 U.S. military bases and 40,000 U.S. soldiers in Japan.
Hoaglund, a filmmaker raised in Japan by American missionary parents, has a unique perspective on this occupation, its many negative effects on the people of Japan and Okinawa, and the nonviolent resistance movement that has endured for half a century in opposition to it. She introduces us to painters, photographers, journalists, and theater directors—all of whom have fought for peace through their art.
Excerpts of the teaching activities included in the PDF:
The following images are included in the PDF. They are available here as larger versions to download.
Instructions: 1) Hover over image thumbnail. 2) Right-click and select SAVE IMAGE AS. 3) Choose a location (i.e. desktop, Downloads folder, etc.) and save.
Democracy Now! on Japan. Democracy Now! offers many in-depth stories on Japan including the January 16, 2014, broadcast, “Okinawa’s Revolt: Decades of Rape, Environmental Harm by U.S. Military Spur Residents to Rise Up.” Democracy Now! is a national, daily, independent, award-winning news program that provides its audience with access to people and perspectives rarely heard in the U.S. corporate-sponsored media, including independent and international journalists, ordinary people from around the world who are directly affected by U.S. foreign policy, grassroots leaders and peace activists, artists, academics and independent analysts.