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About Howard Zinn

I can UNDERSTAND pessimism, but I don't BELIEVE in it. It's not simply a matter of faith, but of historical EVIDENCE. Not overwhelming evidence, just enough to give HOPE, because for hope we don't need certainty, only POSSIBILITY.

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  • Read more about race and class issues not addressed in the U.S. Constitution by Bill Bigelow.
    It’s Constitution Day! Time to Teach Obedience or History?

    In time for Constitution Day on September 17, Bill Bigelow offers a critique of textbook narratives about the Constitution and provides a more critical and nuanced exploration of the document—one that is alert to the race and class issues at the heart of our governing document.

    “A study of the Constitution should encourage students to think critically. Instead, mainstream resources, like the National Constitution Center’s ‘Which Founder Are You?’ quiz, prompt students to focus on superficial characteristics of the Founders, and ignore profound issues of race and class.”

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