Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909

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Reading Level:

    • Daughter of Earth: Reading, Writing, and Social Class

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 7 pages.
      Students read a poignant excerpt from Agnes Smedley’s novel, Daughter of Earth, and use it to think and write about how schooling—their own included—teaches lessons about social class.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Education, Social Class, Women's History | Reading Levels: High School
    • Exploring Women’s Rights: The 1908 Textile Strike in a 1st-grade Class (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Exploring Women's Rights: The 1908 Textile Strike in a 1st-grade Class

    • Teaching Activity. By Dale Weiss. 3 pages.
      A teacher’s reflections about a curriculum unit on women’s rights contextualizes the history of the feminist movement within the broader struggle of people working for greater equality in the United States.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Labor, Organizing, Women's History | Reading Levels: Grades Pre-K-2
    • History Textbooks: “Theirs” and “Ours”: A Rebellion or a War of Independence? (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • History Textbooks: “Theirs” and “Ours”: A Rebellion or a War of Independence?

    • Teaching Activity. By John DeRose. 4 pages.
      Analysis of textbook passages from different countries, videos and books are used to explore different perspectives about the same event in history, i.e. “Philippine-American War” vs. “War of Philippine Independence.”

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Imperialism, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, World History/Global Studies | Reading Levels: High School
    • Lewis Hine’s Photographs

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow and Bob Peterson. 4 pages.
      Using photographs to spark creative writing and critical thinking about child labor issues and social justice.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899, Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 19th Century, 20th Century | Themes: Art & Music, Immigration, Labor, Media, Social Class | Reading Levels: Adult
    • One Country! One Language! One Flag! (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • One Country! One Language! One Flag!

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 3 pages.
      Discussion questions and teaching ideas for examining the history of the Pledge of Allegiance and the political milieu in which it was written.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Education, Immigration | Reading Levels: High School
    • What the Tour Guide Didn’t Tell Me: Tourism, Colonialism, and Resistance in Hawai’i (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • What the Tour Guide Didn't Tell Me: Tourism, Colonialism, and Resistance in Hawai'i

    • Teaching Activity. By Wayne Wah Kwai Au. 5 pages.
      Lesson on the history of Hawai’i and the impact of colonization and tourism.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Asian American, Imperialism, Pacific Islander, Racism & Racial Identity, US Foreign Policy | Reading Levels: High School
    • Labor Matters

    • Teaching Activity. By Teaching Tolerance.
      Introduces students to the role of the labor movement in securing contemporary benefits such as the 40-hour work week, the minimum wage, and workplace safety regulations.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Guides | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, 20th Century | Themes: Labor, Laws & Citizen Rights, Organizing | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • Race and Membership in American History

    • Teaching Guide. By Alan Stoskopf. Facing History and Ourselves. 2002. 371 pages.
      Resources for teaching about the eugenics movement in the United States.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Guides | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Racism & Racial Identity, Science | Reading Levels: High School
    • Lawrence, 1912: The Singing Strike (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Socialists and Wobblies

    • Teaching Activity. By Gayle Olson-Raymer. 17 pages.
      Questions and teaching ideas for Chapter 13 of Voices of a People’s History of the United States on the labor movement at the turn of the century.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Guides | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, 20th Century | Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Immigration, Labor | Reading Levels: High School
    • Vietnam and Beyond: The Historic Resistance

    • Teaching Activity. By Mike Benbow and Robin Pickering. 17 pages.
      Questions and teaching ideas for Chapter 18 of Voices of a People’s History of the United States on opposition to the Vietnam War.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Guides | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: Imperialism, Social Class, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements | Reading Levels: High School
    • Civil Rights Unionism: Tobacco Workers and the Struggle for Democracy in the Mid-Twentieth-Century South

    • Book – Non-fiction. By Robert Rodgers Korstad. 2003. 576 pages.
      Chronicles the rise and fall of the union that represented thousands of African American tobacco factory workers in Winston-Salem, N.C.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, 20th Century | Themes: Labor, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: Adult
    • A People's History of the United States (Book) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • A People's History of the United States: 1492 - Present

    • Books – Non-fiction. By Howard Zinn. 2005, with a new introduction by Anthony Arnove in 2015. 784 pages.
      Howard Zinn’s groundbreaking work on U.S. history. This book details lives and facts rarely included in textbooks—an indispensable teacher and student resource.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction | Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764, Revolution & Constitution: 1765 - 1799, Early 19th Century: 1800 - 1849, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864, Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876, Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899, Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, Cold War: 1945 - 1960, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, Post-Civil Rights Era: 1975 - 2000, 2001 - Present, All US History | Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Economics, Education, Immigration, Imperialism, Labor, Laws & Citizen Rights, Native American, Organizing, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery, Social Class, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, Women's History | Reading Levels: Adult, High School
    • Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell About Life in the Segregated South

    • Book – Non-fiction (with CD). Edited by William H. Chafe, Raymond Gavins and Robert Korstad. 2008. 346 pages.
      Extensive oral history of African American life under segregation.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, Cold War: 1945 - 1960, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: African American, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity, Social Class | Reading Levels: Adult, High School
    • We as Freemen: Plessy v. Ferguson

    • Book – Non-fiction. By Keith Medley. 2012. 256 pages.
      This book documents the untold history of the organizing leading up the Plessy v. Ferguson case.

    • Resource Types: Books: Non-Fiction | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: African American, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: Adult, High School
    • A Boy from Ireland

    • Book – Fiction. By Marie Raphael. 2007. 224 pages.
      Historical fiction about the life of the Irish in New York City at the beginning of the 20th century for ages 12+.

    • Resource Types: Books: Fiction | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Immigration, Labor, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • A Moment in the Sun

    • Book – Fiction. By John Sayles. 2011. 968 pages.
      Spanning five years and half a dozen countries, Sayles’ novel of historical fiction paints a picture of the late 1890s — from the racist coup in Wilmington, North Carolina, to the bloody dawn of U.S. interventionism in Cuba and the Philippines.

    • Resource Types: Books: Fiction | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Imperialism, Racism & Racial Identity, Social Class | Reading Levels: Adult
    • Silver People: Voices from the Panama Canal (Book) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Silver People: Voices from the Panama Canal

    • Book – Fiction. By Margarita Engle. 2016. 242 pages.
      Historical fiction in free verse about the building of the Panama Canal.

    • Resource Types: Books: Fiction | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919 | Themes: Labor, World History/Global Studies | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • The Wild Book

    • Book – Fiction. By Margarita Engle. 2012. 144 pages.
      A portrait in verse of a young girl struggling with dyslexia in Cuba at the turn of the 20th century.

    • Resource Types: Books: Fiction | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Language Arts, World History/Global Studies | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8
    • Zora and Me (Book) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Zora and Me

    • Book – Fiction. By Victoria Bond and T. R. Simon. 2010. 186 pages.
      A coming-of-age story inspired by the early life of Zora Neale Hurston for ages 10 and up.

    • Resource Types: Books: Fiction | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: African American, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • Slavery by Another Name (Film) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Slavery by Another Name

    • Film. By Sam Pollard, Catherine Allan, Douglas Blackmon and Sheila Curran Bernard. 2012. 90 min.
      Reveals the interlocking forces in the South and the North that enabled “neoslavery” post-Emancipation Proclamation.

    • Resource Types: Films | Time Periods: Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876, Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899, Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, 19th Century, 20th Century | Themes: African American, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery | Reading Levels: High School
    • Zora Neale Hurston: Jump at the Sun

    • Film. By Kristy Andersen. 2008. 84 minutes.
      Documentary about the life, literature, and research of Zora Neale Hurston.

    • Resource Types: Films | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, 20th Century | Themes: Women's History | Reading Levels: High School
    • Jones, Mary Harris "Mother"

    • Profile.
      Mother Jones (1830–1930) was a labor leader and organizer.

    • Resource Types: Profiles | Time Periods: Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899, Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919 | Themes: Labor |
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