20th Century

Resource Type:

Reading Level:

    • The 1934 West Coast Longshore Strike

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow and Norm Diamond. 20 pages.
      Students “become” several of the social groups who participated in the 1934 Longshore Workers Strike—some of whom had to answer the question, “Which side are you on?”

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, 20th Century | Themes: Labor, Organizing, Social Class | Reading Levels: High School
    • Burned Out of Homes and History: Unearthing the Silenced Voices of the Tulsa Race Riot

    • Teaching Activity. By Linda Christensen. 20 pages.
      Teaching about patterns of displacement and wealth inequality through the 1921 Tulsa Race Riot.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, 20th Century | Themes: African American, Economics, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: High School
    • Daughter of Earth: Reading, Writing, and Social Class

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 7 pages.
      Students read a poignant excerpt from Agnes Smedley’s novel, Daughter of Earth, and use it to think and write about how schooling—their own included—teaches lessons about social class.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Education, Social Class, Women's History | Reading Levels: High School
    • Exploring Women’s Rights: The 1908 Textile Strike in a 1st-grade Class (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Exploring Women's Rights: The 1908 Textile Strike in a 1st-grade Class

    • Teaching Activity. By Dale Weiss. 3 pages.
      A teacher’s reflections about a curriculum unit on women’s rights contextualizes the history of the feminist movement within the broader struggle of people working for greater equality in the United States.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Labor, Organizing, Women's History | Reading Levels: Grades Pre-K-2
    • Haiku and Hiroshima: Teaching About the Atomic Bomb
    • Haiku and Hiroshima: Teaching About the Atomic Bomb

    • Teaching Activity. By Wayne Au. 3 pages.
      Lesson for high school students on the bombing of Hiroshima using the film Barefoot Gen and haiku.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, Cold War: 1945 - 1960, 20th Century | Themes: Language Arts, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • The History All Around Us: Roosevelt High School and the 1968 Eastside Blowouts

    • Teaching Activity. By Brian C. Gibbs. 6 pages.
      A teacher uses the activist history of Theodore Roosevelt High School in East Los Angeles to pose students the question: “What would you be willing to do to create change?”

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: Latino, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • History Textbooks: “Theirs” and “Ours”: A Rebellion or a War of Independence? (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • History Textbooks: “Theirs” and “Ours”: A Rebellion or a War of Independence?

    • Teaching Activity. By John DeRose. 4 pages.
      Analysis of textbook passages from different countries, videos and books are used to explore different perspectives about the same event in history, i.e. “Philippine-American War” vs. “War of Philippine Independence.”

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Imperialism, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, World History/Global Studies | Reading Levels: High School
    • Inside the Volcano: A Curriculum on Nicaragua

    • Teaching Guide. Edited by Bill Bigelow and Jeff Edmundson. 1990. 130 pages.
      Fourteen interactive lessons on the history of Nicaragua.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Post-Civil Rights Era: 1975 - 2000, 20th Century | Themes: US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, World History/Global Studies | Reading Levels: High School
    • Lawrence, 1912: The Singing Strike

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow and Norm Diamond. 18 pages.
      Role play on the 1912 Bread and Roses strike in Lawrence, Mass.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919, 20th Century | Themes: Art & Music, Immigration, Labor, Organizing, Women's History | Reading Levels: High School
    • Learning About the Unfairgrounds: A 4th-Grade Teacher Introduces Her Students to Executive Order 9066 (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Learning About the Unfairgrounds: A 4th-Grade Teacher Introduces Her Students to Executive Order 9066

    • Teaching Activity. By Katie Baydo-Reed. 10 pages.
      Students hold a “tea party” and a mock trial in preparation for reading literature about internment.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, 20th Century | Themes: Asian American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements |
    • A Lesson on the Japanese American Internment (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • A Lesson on the Japanese American Internment

    • Teaching Activity. By Mark Sweeting. 4 pages.
      How one teacher engaged his students in a critical examination of the language used in textbooks to describe the internment.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, 20th Century | Themes: Asian American, Democracy & Citizenship, Education, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements | Reading Levels: High School
    • Lessons in Solidarity: Grady Hospital Workers United (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Lessons in Solidarity: Grady Hospital Workers United

    • Teaching Activity. By Larry Miller. 6 pages.
      Story and discussion questions about a teacher’s own experience of labor solidarity.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Labor | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • Lewis Hine’s Photographs

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow and Bob Peterson. 4 pages.
      Using photographs to spark creative writing and critical thinking about child labor issues and social justice.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899, Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 19th Century, 20th Century | Themes: Art & Music, Immigration, Labor, Media, Social Class | Reading Levels: Adult
    • One Country! One Language! One Flag! (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • One Country! One Language! One Flag!

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 3 pages.
      Discussion questions and teaching ideas for examining the history of the Pledge of Allegiance and the political milieu in which it was written.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, 20th Century | Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Education, Immigration | Reading Levels: High School
    • The Other Internment: Teaching the Hidden Story of Japanese Latin Americans During WWII (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • The Other Internment: Teaching the Hidden Story of Japanese Latin Americans During WWII

    • Teaching Activity. By Moé Yonamine. 18 pages.
      Poetry, photography, and text are used in this role play to teach about the seldom told history of Japanese Latin American internment during WWII.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, 20th Century | Themes: Asian American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Immigration, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, World History/Global Studies | Reading Levels: High School
    • Our Grandparents’ Civil Rights Era: Family Letters Bring History to Life (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Our Grandparents’ Civil Rights Era: Family Letters Bring History to Life

    • Teaching Activity. By Willow McCormick. 7 pages.
      An elementary school teacher connects the Civil Rights Movement to students’ family history by asking their grandparents to share their memories of the Movement.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: Civil Rights Movements | Reading Levels: Grades 3-5, Grades Pre-K-2
    • Pump Up the Blowouts: Reflections on the 40th Anniversary of the Chicano/a School Blowouts (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Pump Up the Blowouts: Reflections on the 40th Anniversary of the Chicano/a School Blowouts

    • Teaching Activity. By Gilda L. Ochoa. 5 pages.
      Reflections on teaching students about the 1968 walkouts by Chicano students in California.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: Civil Rights Movements, Education, Latino, Organizing, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: High School
    • Remembering Mahmoud Darwish

    • Teaching Activity. By Naomi Shihab Nye and Linda Christensen. 4 pages.
      An essay, poem, and teaching idea utilizing famous Palestinian poet Mahmoud Darwish’s work to help students “name the invisible forces that imprison them.”

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: 20th Century | Themes: Art & Music, World History/Global Studies |
    • Rethinking the Teaching of the Vietnam War (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Rethinking the Teaching of the Vietnam War

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 8 pages.
      A role play on the history of the Vietnam War that is left out of traditional textbooks.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: Imperialism, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements | Reading Levels: High School
    • Rethinking What We Know About the Vietnam War (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • Rethinking What We Know About the Vietnam War

    • Teaching Activity. Zinn Education Project. 2010. 21 pages.
      Two lessons to introduce key facts about the Vietnam War and the Pentagon Papers, documents that provide essential history that is often ignored by textbooks.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, Post-Civil Rights Era: 1975 - 2000, 20th Century | Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Imperialism, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, World History/Global Studies | Reading Levels: High School
    • A Revolution of Values (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • A Revolution of Values

    • Teaching Activity. By Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 3 pages.
      Text of speech by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on the Vietnam War, followed by three teaching ideas.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: Civil Rights Movements, Imperialism, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
    • Salt of the Earth: Grounds Students in Hope

    • Teaching Activity. By S.J. Childs. 6 pages.
      The author describes how she introduces students to the classic 1953 film, Salt of the Earth, about a miners’ strike in New Mexico.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: Labor, Latino, Social Class, Women's History | Reading Levels: High School
    • School Days: Hail, Hail, Rock ‘n’ Roll! (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History
    • School Days: Hail, Hail, Rock 'n' Roll!

    • Teaching Activity. By Rick Mitchell. 10 pages.
      Description of a course on the history of music in the United States.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: Art & Music, Civil Rights Movements, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: High School
    • "A School Year Like No Other": Eyes on the Prize: "Fighting Back: 1957-1962"

    • Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 7 pages.
      A companion lesson to the Eyes on the Prize segment on school integration.

    • Resource Types: Teaching Activities (Free) | Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, 20th Century | Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Education, Laws & Citizen Rights, Organizing, Racism & Racial Identity | Reading Levels: Grades 6-8, High School
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