Dec. 1, 1955: Rosa Parks Refuses to Give Up Her Seat


Rosa Parks at a desegregation workshop at Highlander Folk School in Tennessee in July of 1955 (six months before the boycott). Also in the photo: Septima Poinsette Clark, F.D. Patterson, and C.H. Parrish. Photo: Civil Rights Digital Library.

On Dec. 1, 1955 Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Ala.

In “The Politics of Children’s Literature: What’s Wrong with the Rosa Parks Myth” from Rethinking Schools, Herbert Kohl deconstructs the myth of a meek and tired Rosa Parks and a spontaneous boycott. Students are invited to hear first hand accounts from Parks herself and are given a context for the community organized efforts and steadfast determination that was the reality of this well known but largely mis-represented chapter in the history of the Civil Rights Movement.

Here are resources for teaching about the true story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott.




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